Horrifying video of the explosion shows an enormous mushroom cloud over the city followed by a shockwave - with witnesses comparing it to a "nuclear bomb". Commons Speaker Sir Lindsay Hoyle said: "Like everyone who has seen the footage of the devastating explosion in Beirut, I am truly shocked. Fast. The Tu-95 was a specially modified version of a type that had come into service a few years earlier; a huge, swept-wing, four-engined monster tasked with carrying Russia’s arsenal of nuclear bombs. Streets were littered with debris and damaged vehicles, and building facades were blown out. “Little Boy” may seem like an odd name to give the first atomic bomb used in warfare. The utter devastation caused by the bombing has led many to criticize the decision. On 29 August 1949, the Soviets had tested their first nuclear device – known as ‘Joe-1’ in the West – on the remote steppes on what is now Kazakhstan, using intelligence gleaned from infiltrating the US’s atomic bomb programme. At least 70,000 people were killed in the initial blast, while approximately 70,000 more died from radiation exposure. The bomb had become known by a myriad of neutral technical designations – Project 27000, Product Code 202, RDS-220, and Kuzinka Mat (Kuzka’s Mother). A British woman living in Beirut described seeing a "glowing red cloud and plume of smoke" after the blast. "There were so many bandaged people. Lebanon's Health Ministry has put out a call for medics to volunteer at the "nearest place you can get to" to help treat the injured people. The damage is extreme. "The US military was unwilling to say it could win the war without the bomb," he added. For further details of our complaints policy and to make a complaint please click here. ", Torazuchi Matsunaga remembered soldiers carrying children's corpses on stretchers to a temporary crematorium. A. Hiroshima The bomb was dropped at 9400 m above ground until it fell free for about 44 seconds to a height of 580 m and detonated. Breaking into tears as he arrived at the scene of the disaster, he said: "I ask the Lebanese people to pull together.". Lebanon's General Security chief Abbas Ibrahim said the dangerous chemicals had been confiscated in 2013 from an Africa-bound ship. This breakthrough allowed the USSR to build its first hydrogen bomb, a device much more powerful than the atomic bombs of only a few years before. At hospitals across the city people had been waiting all night for news of loved ones who had gone missing or were wounded. THE massive explosion which killed at least 100 people and left 4,000 injured in Lebanon's capital Beirut is feared to have been started by a reckless welder. Surveillance image of Hiroshima prior to August 6, 1945 . The US State Department said they are ready to offer "all possible assistance" to Lebanon - but once again said it had no information on the cause. How the Roman Republic Committed Suicide at Philippi, Founding Fathers: The First 15 US Presidents in Order. British journalist Lizzie Porter, who lives just one mile from the scene, told the Daily Mail: "It was 6.10pm and there was a rumble like thunder. Protesters disrupt mass to object to abortion ban, Victoria Premier announces relaxation of restrictions in Melbourne, France recalls ambassador to Turkey over Erdogan's comments, Chinese leaders meet to chart economic course, Witnesses say Nigerian forces opened fire on protesters, Severe floods leave more than 100 dead in Vietnam, India sees increase in child trafficking amid pandemic, Image-based abuse has soared during the pandemic, Bizarre Egyptian police cadet graduation goes viral, Mexico's femicide rates have increased as government denies problem, Nigerian governor urges calm as witnesses say soldiers fired on protesters, Former Trump associate says this is Trump's greatest con, Tougher Covid-19 restrictions are once again the norm in Europe, This area was already in isolation. American scientists working on the Manhattan Project had successfully tested a working atomic bomb in July of 1945 after the surrender of Nazi Germany in May. ", The head of the country's Red Cross said: "What we are witnessing is a huge catastrophe. ", The memory of seeing two girls with blue-violet faces shocked Torao Izuhara so much that she never forgot it. The source said a fire had started at warehouse 9 of the port and spread to warehouse 12, where the ammonium nitrate was stored. In a flash, the bomb created a fireball five miles wide. Emmanuel Macron's office says the aid should allow for the treatment of some 500 victims. Durovtsev’s Tupolev was lucky to survive; the blast wave from Tsar Bomba caused the giant bomber to plummet more than 1,000m (3,300ft) before the pilot could regain control. On behalf of the whole House, we send our love and prayers to the people of Lebanon.". She told the PA news agency: "I just felt this enormous explosion - I thought it was somewhere on campus because it felt a lot closer than the three miles away. Lebanese President Michel Aoun has declared a state of emergency for Beirut for two weeks - and vowed the "harshest punishments" for those responsible for causing the explosion. One insider told Reuters it was started by work being carried out to repair a hole in a warehouse at the Port of Beirut. The spectacle was fantastic, unreal, supernatural.”. Sakharov began work on a layered fission-fusion-fission device, a bomb that would create further energy from the nuclear processes in its core. Red Cross spokesman Georges Kettaneh said emergency services had been "overwhelmed". Horrifying video of the explosion shows an enormous mushroom cloud over the city followed by a shockwave - with witnesses comparing it to a "nuclear bomb". An Israeli official said said the nation had nothing to do with the explosion amid ongoing clashes between the two nations. Charbel Haj, who works at the port, said the inferno started as small bursts like firecrackers. More than 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate detonated when a blaze spread to the warehouse where it had been stored for six years. Hiroshima (August 6, 1945)- Times are in Tinian Time Unless Otherwise Noted, One Hour Ahead of Hiroshima 0245- Early morning on Tinian, the B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay and her crew of 12 lift off with the uranium bomb … People were screaming and running, bleeding. Many of those killed were port and custom employees and people working in the area or driving through during rush hour. Hiroshima was chosen as a target because of its military importance. The Tupolev, painted bright white in order to lessen the effects of the bomb’s flash, arrived at its target point. World War Two had placed the US and USSR in the same camp, but the post-war period had seen relations chill and then freeze. "The stars were beautiful," she recalled. He said: “This was something the likes I’ve never seen before… Initially I thought it was an earthquake.”. The 509th Composite Group was constituted on December 9, 1944, and activated on December 17, 1944, at Wendover Army Air Field, Utah, commanded by Colonel Paul Tibbets. "It is negligence," the official source told Reuters, adding that the storage safety issue had been before several committees and judges and "nothing was done.". Tsar Bomba unleashed almost unbelievable energy – now widely agreed to be in the order of 57 megatons, or 57 million tons of TNT. "All of my thoughts and prayers are with those caught up in this terrible incident.". A. Working with the … Others who lived beyond that developed health problems related to burns and radiation-induced cancers and other illnesses. By then, the two bombers would be nearly 50km (30 miles) away. Another witness said: "All the downtown area windows are smashed and there are wounded people walking around. The original design – a three layered bomb, with uranium layers separating each stage – would have had a yield of 100 megatons – 3,000 times the size of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs. "Her hair was standing on end," Taguchi said. ". France says it is sending two planes with dozens of emergency workers, a mobile medical unit and 15 tonnes of aid. "It's like a war zone. The US B-29 bomber aircraft, the Enola Gay, dropped the nuclear bomb, codenamed "Little Boy," on August 6, 1945. The neighbors couldn't move the pillar. On Novaya Zemlya, the effects were catastrophic. Many of those killed were port and custom employees and people working in the area or driving through during rush hour. The military have deployed to rescue those caught in the wreckage, with medical personnel treating casualties on the streets.". Ammonium nitrate is mainly used as a fertilizer, but has also been linked to terror attacks after being used in homemade bombs. Here's what you need to know about the attacks and how Hiroshima honors those who died. It was more than a metal monstrosity too big to fit inside even the largest aircraft – it was a city destroyer, a weapon of last resort. ", Like cattle, injured survivors were loaded into rail cars to escape the ruined city. This wave can reflect and bounce as it moves destroying some buildings while leaving others relatively undamaged. The flash could be seen from 1,000km (630 miles) away. It derived its explosive power from the nuclear fission of uranium-235 rather than the isotope originally earmarked for use in Thin Man – plutonium-239. An Israeli official said said the nation had nothing to do with the explosion amid ongoing clashes between the two nations. She told the PA news agency: "I just felt this enormous explosion - I thought it was somewhere on campus because it felt a lot closer than the three miles away. ©News Group Newspapers Limited in England No. Hospitals are reportedly desperately requesting blood donations as the wounded stream in.
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