He was devised by British author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The earliest actor to have essayed the role is William Gillette (a founding member of the New York Holmes society still known as the Baker Street Irregulars), who gave several popular theatrical portrayals at the turn of the 20th century.
His London abode at 221B, Baker Street, is tended by his housekeeper, Mrs. Hudson.
Law enforcement officers with whom Holmes has worked include G. Lestrade, Tobias Gregson, Stanley Hopkins, and Athelney (or Peter) Jones, all four of Scotland Yard, Francois Le Villard of the French police and Inspector Baynes.
He also holds back on his chain of reasoning, not revealing it or only giving cryptic hints and surprising results, until the very end, when he can explain all of his deductions at once.
British By popular demand, Conan Doyle resurrected his detective in the story “The Adventure of the Empty House” (1903). The latter, which publishes The Sherlock Holmes Journal, traces its origins to the Sherlock Holmes Society that was formed in London in 1934 and counted among its members the scholar and writer Dorothy L. Sayers; it had ceased its activities by the 1940s. Although Holmes rebuffs praise, declaring his abilities to be “elementary,” the oft-quoted phrase “Elementary, my dear Watson,” never actually appears in Conan Doyle’s writings. In addition, he speaks favorably of some women indeed, in virtually all the longer stories he remarks on the exceptional beauty of at least one female character and actually married one, Mary Morstan of The Sign of Four. In one story, "The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton", Holmes is engaged to be married, but only with the motivation of gaining information for his case. If a 19th-century London doctor's shoes are scraped to remove crusted mud, the person who so scraped them is the doctor's servant girl. In it, the house-boat (which was hijacked at the end of A House-Boat on the Styx by Captain Kidd) is tracked down by the members of the club with the aid of none other than Sherlock Holmes who is indeed dead. Watson writes in "The Adventure of the Dying Detective" that Mrs Hudson is fond of Holmes in her own way, despite his bothersome eccentricities as a lodger, owing to his "remarkable gentleness and courtesy in his dealings with women."
Holmes fans refer to the period from 1891 to 1894 the time between Holmes' disappearance and presumed death in "The Adventure of the Final Problem" and his reappearance in "The Adventure of the Empty House" as "the Great Hiatus". Holmes is also quite skilled in the use of unarmed combat-such as using jujitsu to knock the murderous Professor Moriarty to his doom and also in the art of boxing - he fought three rounds with prizefighter McMurdo ("The Sign of the Four"); he beat Joseph Harrison, and he knocked out the bully Woodley with a straight left cross ("The Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist"). The only woman in whom Holmes ever showed any interest that verged on the romantic was Irene Adler.
Holmesian (British adjective; Americans may be rarely heard to say "Sherlockian") deduction appears to consist primarily of drawing inferences based on either straightforward practical principles – which are the result of careful inductive study, such as Holmes' study of different kinds of cigar ashes or inference to the best explanation. Among the more fanciful theories, the story The Case of the Detective's Smile by Mark Bourne, published in the anthology Sherlock Holmes in Orbit, posits that one of the places Holmes visited during his hiatus was Alice's Wonderland.
Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. As Watson is a doctor and it has been raining, it is likely he has been out in the rain. In "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter", Sherlock refers to Mycroft as being "[s]even years [his] senior". Sherlock has an older brother, Mycroft, whom the younger Holmes considered to be more intellectually gifted than himself.
Knowledge of Anatomy – Accurate, but unsystematic. Those who appeared as Holmes on-screen include Basil Rathbone, Peter Cushing, Jeremy Brett, Robert Downey, Jr., Benedict Cumberbatch, and Jonny Lee Miller. An estimate of Holmes' age in the short story "His Last Bow", in which he is described as a "man of sixty" in the year 1914, places his year of birth around 1854. The Von Bork case seems to have been Sherlock Holmes' last bow. In other instances of Holmesian deduction, it is more difficult to model his inference as deduction using general principles, and logicians and scientists will readily recognise the method used, instead, as an "inductive" one – in particular, "argument to the best explanation", or, in Charles S. Peirce's terminology, "abduction". Affiliation: Knowledge of Geology – Practical, but limited.
And, in "The Adventure of the Three Garridebs", Watson is wounded by a forger he and Holmes are pursuing. She is possibly the only woman who has ever "beaten" Holmes in a mystery; this point is unclear due to a comment with some chronological problems in one of the stories (see the Irene Adler or "The Five Orange Pips" articles for details). This requires quite a bit of practice to reach.
Sherlock Holmes’s success as a “consulting detective” comes from his uncanny ability to gather evidence based upon his honed skills of observation and deductive reasoning. Over time, Holmes' relations with the official Scotland Yard detectives goes from cold disdain to a strong respect. The instances in which Holmes uses deduction tend to be those where he has amassed a large body of evidence, produced a number of possible explanations of that evidence, and then proceeds to find one explanation that is clearly the best at explaining the evidence. Holmes stories often begin with a bravura display of his talent for "deduction".
Ironically, two of the emblems of Holmes, his meerschaum pipe and deerstalker hat, are not original to Conan Doyle’s writings. The stories first appeared in magazine serialization, notably in The Strand Magazine, over a period of forty years. Holmes is generally quite fearless.
If leather on the side of a shoe is scored by several parallel cuts, it was caused by someone who scraped around the edges of the sole in order to remove crusted mud. Mycroft Holmes (older brother) He was devised by British author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
In "The Sign of Four", Watson quotes Holmes as being "an automaton, a calculating machine." By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Sherlock-Holmes, h2g2 - Sherlock Holmes Part I - the Character, The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia - Sherlock Holmes, Official Site of The Sherlock Holmes Museum, Sherlock Holmes - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Sherlock Holmes: Pioneer in Forensic Science.
Although the fictional detective had been anticipated by Edgar Allan Poe’s C. Auguste Dupin and Émile Gaboriau’s Monsieur Lecoq, Holmes made a singular impact upon the popular imagination and has been the most enduring character of the detective story. Steele, who was also responsible (following the model of the American actor William Gillette who portrayed the detective) for associating Holmes' image with the curved calabash pipe. Almost all were narrated by Holmes' friend and biographer, Dr John H. Watson, with the exception of two narrated by Holmes himself and two more written in the third person. Holmes' success at his brand of deduction, therefore, is due to his mastery of both a huge body of particular knowledge of things like footprints, cigar ashes, and poisons, which he uses to make relatively simple deductive inferences, and the fine art of ordering and weighing different competing explanations of a body of evidence. In "The Adventure of the Missing Three-Quarter", Watson claims to have "weaned" Holmes off drugs. Following the arrest, Holmes returned to his life of seclusion in Sussex to live out his life in peace and solitude, keeping bees and eventually publishing a manual on the subject. It does appear at the very end of the 1929 film, The Return of Sherlock Holmes, the first Sherlock Holmes sound film, and may owe its familiarity to its use in Edith Meiser's scripts for The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes radio series. It must be noted that, in Holmesian deduction, it is important to attempt to eliminate all other possibilities, or as many as possible. ), Watson’s narrations describe Holmes as a very complex and moody character who, although of strict habit, is considerably untidy. A recent novel, Sherlock Holmes and the Plague of Dracula, speculates that Holmes fell victim to the disease of vampirism and spent the Hiatus seeking a cure. Medical Historian, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Penn State College of Medicine. In 1858, Holmes had written, in his Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table, “Tell me about Cuvier's getting up a megatherium from a tooth … so all a man's antecedents and possibilities are summed up in a single utterance…." The game was developed by Frogwares and published by Focus Home Interactive for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360 and Xbox One and debuted on September 30, 2014. This perceived resistance to his deductive processes may have annoyed him. Updates? Corrections? Watson says, "he was more nearly moved by the softer human emotions than I had ever seen him". He seems to enjoy baffling the police inspectors with his superior deductions. II, §118) These assertions are echoed in "The Five Orange Pips", in which Sherlock Holmes declared, “As Cuvier could correctly describe a whole animal by the contemplation of a single bone, so the observer who has thoroughly understood one link in a series of incidents should be able to state all the other ones, before and after.". On the other hand, it may be noted that the landlady, Mrs Hudson, is never actually described. It was introduced into more illustrations by the American illustrator F.D.
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